Which measurement scales should we use to measure breathlessness in palliative care? A systematic review.


Abstract:  There is no universally accepted measurement scale to assess breathlessness in adult palliative care patients. This significantly hampers clinical practice and research into effective interventions. The aim is to systematically identify and appraise breathlessness measurement scales, which are validated for use in palliative care or which show potential for use.


Palliative Medicine


Palliat Med. 2007 Apr;21(3):177-91.

Resource Type:

Journal Article


Dorman S, Byrne A, Edwards A